Islam in Bulgaria

Islam is is both the largest minority in Bulgaria and also the country’s second largest religion. The branch of Islam which is practiced in Bulgaria is Sunni Islam. Sunni Islam accounts for 7.8% of the population and is made of up several different ethnicities, primarily including Turks, Bulgarians and also GypSarajevo_Kaisermoscheesies. The Islamic population of Sunni Islam mainly live in the northern and eastern regions of the country.

Missionaries in the 9th century introduced the Islamic religion to the country, though it has since expanded and stabilized. During the Byzantine Empire, which has its roots in nearby Turkey, then known as Constantinople, the Islamic religion grew in Bulgaria which fell under the remit of the Byzantines. The Ottoman rule also saw a large proliferation of the Islamic faith in the country and also saw the building of many more mosques. During this period there were 3256 mosques in Bulgaria.

The branch of Islam which is practiced in Bulgaria is Sunni Islam and is one of the two main strains of religious practice in Islam, the other being Shia Islam. The differences are historic and date back to the 7th Century and are in reference to the caliph, or who would take over as the leader of the Islams faith once Mohammed passed.

The Sunni branch of Islam believed that the person to succeed Mohammed should be his father in law Abu Bakr. The Shia sect disagreed with this sentiment and thought that the successor should be in fact be his son in law. Over the years, the complexities between the Sunni and Shia factions of Islams increased and resulted in many sectarian conflicts. However, the Sunni fraction, which is the one which is present in Bulgaria remains the dominant force with around 90% of the world’s Muslims identifying as such.